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· Doctors strike explained! Stop handling…
Doctors strike: « the social security system reimburses physicians with… ».
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Strike of lawyers – information – information – view info…
http://www.cguittard.com/ article – 4648015.html
Did you mean: french carrier strike
· Strike of carriers of the Pas-de-Calais. Solidarité ouvrière
Strike carriers | Region Guyana Region Guyane
Strike at France 3 Alsace since 26 January 2015
Start of the strike date: 26/01/2015 – end date: not determined
France 3 Alsace technicians are on strike since Monday, January 26, 2015.
They are protesting against the removal of the Director of regional emissions.
The regional evening newspaper is disturbed, there is more presenter.
n Moroccan weekly compares Holland to Hitler: ‘an alarm for the political class.
The French will revive Hitler concentration camps to exterminate the Muslims? « , AH! » POOR HOLLAND, the only president to have a break, so net with the french people, the first president in all republics, which was as much despised, and méprisable(Jour de Colére,hollande dégage, manif contre l’aéroport ND deles de Glandes,le barrage de SIVENS,bref) I want to say, if the french government, and the Israeli Government is were not driven like cowards, with the Palestinians (GAZA) and with the Muslims in general, some Moroccan have every reason, think this may seem demagogue on my part, but it is the substance of my thought, Furthermore, it n is not only the first letter, which is the same in hitler, mentality, too, the french (as me, between, other: mi-breton, mi-reunionnais, short mid something)you say the camp for Muslims, but our fate is not enviable, we, the french, because , we didn’t, from the ecotax, but apparently foreign vehicles, transit toll sticker is intended, I think? ,we didn’t the European status for the railwaymen, we didn’t of Act macron(pour les avocats,entre autre médecins,il voulait la passer,nous ne voulions pas,il veulent la passer,quand même,même diminuée) we didn’t of reform peillon, is it there eat, we didn’t, a dam (SIVENS) 1 death remy Fraissse,we didn’t of the ROYBON Park center,If it is not dictatorship, what is !, because actually we step had SIVENS, but 1 death, each timeit took to fight for something,is this NORMAL, more gentlemen ladies, I you recall, this is a Government of the left, is – we learn, that l – voting right, or, left, it is the same, the francs – masons, and Jews, Franks masons, have always been part more or less of, or Governments, but the Jews to the Government aided by the Jewish media, also, I understand, now, even if I am one of the people who doesn’t appreciate at all, but not all, its way of thinking,.There, a COLUCHEque joke I like « is something similar, » was the war against the Germans, NON, with, they it was also » short, I understand, why hitler, had banned these professions to the Jews, I, who thought, that these people, who have suffered, need to know, what is the degradation, enslavement of man, I thought, so as, much, that once you had ate shit, you wanted more food, nor do ate others, EH!BEN!No, this is, this is, that I myself planté(je me suis trompé), was the opposite, the masons francs waiting for firm foothold, the feuges would have their revenge on people who do want them, no harm, quite the contrary, I recall that if some gave their lives for them , was not gaiety of heart, you will say, but, them, no longer have, did wrong to anyone, why is acharnet – on, on them, it’s true! that said, this is not because the other is con, you have to react, con, oubien, this is because the other empties into the fire, as you have to follow it.After, had a right-wing Government, which has pumped, there again, a Government of the left, which, we pump more, and realizes that it taken for idiots, EH, BEN, the cons are waking up, and this, will do everything to some..
GREECE. Tsipras and his men… The no tie to power
The new Government of Alexis Tsipras upsets not only Greek political life, it also clashes with its casual allure.
Have been much analyzedthe arrival of Syriza, radical left party, at the head of the Greek Government. Debt, public policies, measures anti-austerite… On the bottom, Syriza promises of vast changes to the Hellenes. And on the form, the new team led by Alexis Tsipras also upsets European tradition. This is a Government without a tie who took the reins of Athens. Tsipras has even made its mark.
If he heals her appearance in recent years, with Cup neat hair and costume neat, the youngest Prime Minister of Greece (40 years) makes it a point of honour to leave his shirt (always light blue or white) free of any obstacle to the neck.
A way to show one side at once modern, young and close to people. Journalists him drawing the portrait have always noted the absence of tie, to such point that the candidate for Syriza said his clothing choice at a press conference, on the eve of the elections:
« I’ll wear one when obtained a reduction of debt », he replied, stating that it did not « put when he met the Pope ».
Within his Government, fashion without a tie made of followers, to the point of a symbol. Printed shirt or color, original jacket with red stripe, the Minister of finance, post o how key, will detonate in a group photo with his European counterparts…
Obviously without a tie, Yanis Varoufakis, 53 years old, does not have the classic image of the Minister. This brilliant Economist, Professor at the University of Austin in Texas, embodies the modern culture: interested in video games, avid blogger and connected to social networks. Shaved and authoritarian gaze, he embodies the radicality of Syriza.
More conventional, the Greek Ministers of health, Panagiotis Koroumblis, also blind, inside, Nikos Voutsis (below), the Minister of State Nikos Pappas, or even the Government spokesman Gabriel Sakellaridis, dropped the tie at the presentation of the new Government while respecting the duo jacket-shirt.
Some representatives still preferred to comply with a more strict dress Protocol, as the Deputy Prime Minister Yannis Dragasakis, age 68. Question of generation?
Red tie and imposing, Panos Kammenos, appointed Minister of defence, made figure of iconoclast in this bedraggled team. Normal: his appointment by Alexis Tsipras resulted from the alliance between Syriza and right of independent Greek sovereigntist party. A Government without a tie, of course, but with a few spots on the shirt… And stains under the arms that are likely to appear soon.
: Tsipras wants to « renegotiate » and fight for « the dignity of the Greeks »
Finally, whatever ‘ one, which has identified the problem, I me well, doubts that were people, who had not lost their tronche (head)
« The problem is not Greek, it is European »
From http://www.Chevenement.fr – February 1, 5:31 PM
The Republican Berry: what is European integration worked?
Jean-Pierre Chevènement: L’Europe, in my opinion, cannot be built in substitution of the nations. By cooperation certainly and skills eventually managed in common but on condition that they are democratically controlled. As the nation remains the framework of democracy. Therefore, that Europe matches what want peoples. If we take the case of the single currency, it juxtaposed countries which are a very different level. Or, in the absence of massive transfers, that Germans refuse anyway, to the poorest countries, the functioning of the single currency has for consequence to polarize wealth and the trade surpluses in the countries of the North, including the Germany, while other countries are immersed, by the European policy resulting from the treaties, in the recession and unemployment.
Europe therefore lack of solidarity?
Actually. The single currency has an initial vice, the use of a single currency by very different countries and the normal game markets resulting in what countries that have important comparative advantages become still richer while others are condemned to poverty. How therefore remedy? Mrs Merkel has suggested internal devaluations that peripheral countries reconquered their competitiveness. But this implies reduced salaries and social benefits in unacceptable proportions. The recession widening deficits. We end up with the opposite of the desired results.
The euro, the principle of the single currency therefore failed?
For me the single currency has a latent internal defect, error, because I think that this system in the long run will not viable for very simple reasons. If we take the case of the Greece which has a debt of 220 billion towards the European solidarity fund. If we want to do the total of this debt, the Germany must exit 70 billion, the France, 50 billion, the Italy, 40 billion and the Spain, 30 billion. These countries are not ready to accept a restructuring of Greek debt of this magnitude. Therefore the system of the single currency that we must call into question, that I advocate for a long time, going towards a common currency. I.e. for example to have a euro Drachma which is 25% below the price of the euro but that remains linked because the euro would remain the currency of regulation in international transactions. All without going through a devaluation internal which is proving very painful. The euro is too rigid for countries as diverse as those that the single currency gathers under its roof.
What solutions to eliminate these inequalities?
For me, the problem is not Greek, it is European and I ask a European solution that corresponds to the reality of each European country’s competitiveness. A particular solution for a country as the Greece debt would be paid by all of them is not possible. If you wanted to act in this way, the Portugal, the Italy, would also require their debt.
German intransigence is far more dangerous for the euro as Greek debt!
The German obsession with denial of money creation to alleviate the pressure of the markets on sovereign debt in the euro area threatens to sink the single currency.
An idea runs in the European political elites: Let’s get out the Greece of the euro. This is explicit in Germany, and this idea is gaining road in France. But it is easier said than done. Recall thatthere is no legal way to expel a country of the eurozone.
If the Germany and the France decide to cut food in Athens, it is not preventing the Greek Government to requisition its Central Bank to fund itself directly. Of course, he then put is in contravention of the Treaty of Lisbon (specifically witharticle 123 which has replaced article 104 of the Treaty of Maastricht).
But a procedure of expulsion of the European Union could take years, and during this time, the Greece might print as many euros as it would… The Greece might as well redeem all of its debt the time it expels it.
The Greeks, ‘bad Europeans ‘?
Moreover, these villains Greeks, is covered with opprobrium for having faked their accounts are so bad Europeans than that ? They did not unilaterally to the equivalent of a devaluation of 10% – by the transfer of loads of companies towards taxation of households – as in Germany. They have not increased their trade on Eurozone countries surpluses that they lost their competitiveness in the world, as did the Germans, who realize passing 63% of their surplus on the euro area and 77% for the European Union, while their balance of trade with China has become negative… Europe is under threat of a depression which could be the most serious since the great depression, and it is not the Greeks who refuse a recovery policy, and seek to impose a disastrous austerity to their neighbors… but indeed the Germany.
To be clear, if the Greeks are not « white-blue » with their tradition of tax evasion (also produced by less than 10% of the population), their lack of land, tax exemptions enjoyed by the Orthodox Church, it seems to me that the importance of these defects is in fact quite weak when compared to the consequences of German policy.
The ‘bad Europeans’ are not necessarily those that are believed
In deciding to establish a single currency system but excluding any possibility of transfer union, barricading their position on the Central Bank by the constitutional route, German Governments which have come and gone since 1992 made it unmanageable eurozone.
In addition, by imposing their rules to the ECB (European Central Bank), they have caused an increase of the exchange rate against the dollar (and all currencies related) that has destroyed the economy of the countries of southern Europe. The responsibilities of the Germany in Europe required other decisions.
The blockade imposed by the Germany in the solutions to the current crisis is patent. Their refusal to accept a direct monetization of debt and Eurobonds will kill the eurozone, although more surely as Greek debt… or condemn us to suffer incalculable political effects long-lasting depression.
Decentralize the money creation temporarily…
However, there is a solution, which begins to earn in the minds of those who left as on the right, do not want to resolve to the disaster. As cannot do anything to the ECB by virtue of the German veto, it is necessary to decentralize the money creation. In other words, need to commandeer the national central banks and impose on them to create euros in Exchange for a share of the public debt, which is done by a simple writing game.
Of course, reject us article 123 of the Lisbon Treaty. What can retort that if it comes to temporary measures taken to alleviate a crisis of extreme gravity, the rules of the European Union are on our side.
It would be the equivalent of a » quantitative easing » to the European, but realized in a decentralized manner, with the inflationary effect would be very small because of the dominant economic situation.
… to the Germany at the foot of the wall
And there is the Germany this time which would be at the foot of the wall. Either she agrees, shouting and ranting, but it still accepts this policy, even if arrange with its Constitution. After all, it does not pay the constitutionalists to do nothing…
Either she decides to leave the eurozone. But then, it will have to face this reality: the maintained euro depreciate against the dollar, probably up to 1.00 for $ 1.05. On the other hand, the reconstituted mark expected to soar to the 1.60 dollar, if it is no longer…
In other words eurozone ‘maintained’ would have devalued by 35% (at least) against the mark, and the German trade surpluses would disappear immediately. Chick?
GDP: the France loses its place of 5th World economic power, fortunately, there is a Government of the left!
The France comes to be in 2014 dethrone by the United Kingdom of its fifth global economic power. (Martignac Parisien/Mathieu)
In presenting its wishes to the French, François Holland wanted to give back them balm and had launched: ‘ ‘ the Franceis a large country; It is the fifth economic power in the world… » EH well no! According to figures from the Commission European, of the France gross domestic product, it is the wealth created in the course of the year, rated 2 134 billion euros, is now exceeded by that of the United Kingdom with EUR 2 232 billion
Media Conference Call: Farah Pandith on Violent extremism
MASTERS: Hello. Hello or Hello I should say, everyone. It’s Jonathan Masters, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Council on the site Web of External Relations, CFR.org.
I am very happy to be today, accompanied by what is a very good time to media conference telephone Farah Pandith, CFR Adjunct Senior Fellow and previously the special representative to Muslim communities in the Department of State. Of course, Farah was the first person to play this role.
She was also Adviser to the Assistant Secretary for Europe in the aftermath of the Danish cartoon crisis. She Tweets at @Farah_Pandith. And she is currently writing a book on the generation y Muslim and how to counter the ideology of the extremists.
Then Paris, of course, remains on edge today with two hostages who come would have been a deadly end looks. News headlines are still in development.
One on the outskirts of the capital, involving the brothers k, Saad and Cherif, the couple believed responsible for the deadly attack on Wednesday on the magazine satirical Charlie Hebdo; and the other in Eastern Paris involving Amadi Lebali (ph), a man with potential links to the brothers and who is suspected in the murder of a policeman in Paris yesterday morning.
The massacre of Charlie Hebdo of course targeted cartoonists and other members of the staff who often mocks Islam and Prophet Muhammad. Interest of the brothers in radical Islam had been known by intelligence in France and the United States
I think that Charles was sentenced to three years in 2005 for his involvement in the recruitment of French Muslims to fight with Al-Qaida in Iraq.
Said traveled to the Yemen in 2011 where he received Al-Qaeda training. And leaders of the fight against terrorism, of course, if the affiliate of Al-Qaeda in the Yemen was ordered to attack on Wednesday.
And the French President Holland described these attacks as the worst in 50 years and has called for a meeting of European leaders this weekend to discuss measures to disrupt terrorist networks.
Then, Farah, you’re watching – well first of all, could you talk to use a bit more on demography, the demographic Muslim in Europe? I think it might be a good starting point.
Pedrosa: sure. And good afternoon everyone. And thank you, Jon, for we organize.
Yes, the demographic developments in Europe is really important. And of course, the diversity of Europe is really important.
I do want to be clear on things, but we cannot be–we cannot generalize about what means to be Muslim in Europe because each country heritage and culture makes a difference in how the demographic is growing.
We have countries such as the United Kingdom and the France that have a population many more Muslims. And some countries such as the Italy and the North which isn’t always somehow multigenerational. Many of the immigrants who come from these countries are more recent.
And that makes a difference. It absolutely. If a country was a colonizer, have not, if there are local laws in place which make it comfortable for some immigrants to live.
How they think about themselves and their identity, this is where I’m going with this. And that is an important point.
So when we think about Western Europe, we are talking about more than 44 million people in Western Europe, which can call themselves Muslim. And it is a number that a lot of people are really surprised by because that we do not in general on this subject as a whole.
But if you think about it – I don’t speak Bosnian or the Albania and other countries in the eastern part of Europe. I am referring to Western Europe.
The conversations that take place among that population of Muslims is very important for us to understand all. And therefore we need to know the facts on the ground with regard to the number and the shape and contours of the communities of Muslims in the whole of Western Europe.
MASTERS: And so you know that an investigation will likely continue for months and months. But when you look at these brothers and the other suspects, that your experience taught you can have led to these acts of violence?
And we are, you know us Governments, civil societies, not done to stem this tide of communities? I mean we were looking at Muslims in Europe?
And what has changed? If you would, maybe talk about the difference between the approach under the Bush administration and the Obama administration.
Pedrosa: right. So I think that these are very important framing questions.
I mean first of all, as noted in relation to the number of young people, though the number of Muslims in Europe. Let me give you a broader framework, and then I will come back in.
We know that there is – a quarter of our planet is Muslim, 1.6 billion people. Sixty – two percent of this number is less than 30 years. And it is a really significant for us because those who are generation y.
These are young people who have grown up in a post-9/11 world. These are young people who have grown up with the word Islam or Muslim on the first page of newspapers online and offline since September 12, 2001. And this considerably influenced the way they think about themselves.
And so when I speak of generations of Muslims in different parts of Europe, whether you are a fourth generation Brit who happens to be a Muslim, that you’re a second-generation you know Belgian, is not – these experiences for this generation – these generations of generation is very different from their parents and their grandparents before them.
And I say this because as long as Government, for example, we had conversations about Muslims all over the world after 9/11, you you will remember that we were looking mainly at locations that are Muslim-majority countries.
We were looking to the Afghanistan. We were looking at Pakistan. We are trying obviously to the Middle East, all incredibly important. But what we all tend to do and shouldn’t do, is to dismiss the areas of the world where people forget everything sort of just there are Muslims who live there.
And the fact is that a Muslim living in Paris is as a Muslim as a Muslim living in Kuala Lumpur. And they are conversations and the ideology that is present in the world that comes from the prey of extremists on these generations of young people anywhere in the world.
Because Europe is a place, of course, with free boundaries that absolutely celebrates, as it should, the importance of the diversity of expressions and the freedoms that we hold dear to us. It is also an opportunity for people to be able to move physically and in a space that allows those who move toward considered extremist as able to comfortably do intellectually.
So when we think about what is spent here this week, this tragic event that happened in Paris, it did not happen in a vacuum. I mean the first – I mean the first time that we started to really think about how a conversation in a place like the United Kingdom, for example, in 1989 with Salman Rushdie, that may affect the way of thinking foreign policy in the world, obviously the fatwa against him.
But let’s also be clear. The things that we learn from this kind of event, be it the fatwa in 1989. throughout the crisis of the Danish comic strip, the Teddy Bear-door (ph) that happened with the British teacher in Somalia, who named her teddy bear – Teddy bear in the class of children was named Mohamed. And you remember who became a very tragic and complicated situation during the administration Bush.
Video – movie that was made by the Californian, you know the movie that says that the Obama administration was responsible for the riot and finally the devastation in Benghazi and the assassination of the Ambassador Stevens.
You see all these kinds of events in which extremists use to advance this idea that there is a way of being Muslim. It is their way. And anything that deviates from that is not allowed.
And so when you see that diversity of thought which is pushed forward in the forms of art, and in this case unfortunately, you know the use of a pen in a cartoon or is it a film or is it a song or is it a series of comic strip. You will see the same kind of impact.
So when you ask the question, Jon, how-to, we think of this topic, there are a few things that have to say. First of all, we must understand that the issues of Europe, that what is happening with Muslims in Europe is important.
How they think about themselves. How they consider themselves Muslims, as they navigate a crisis of identity, which is something that I saw the first right hand in the context of the Danish cartoon crisis.
Just after that you know this crisis, the Government of the United States, you know we did – we were not prepared in 2006 when the Danish cartoon crisis arrived to say that something that happened in Copenhagen would have an effect on life in Kabul.
And although, unfortunately, it is 2015. Of course, we know that everything is important in the world, right. But at this point our government didn’t.
And I’ll tell you what happened. In fact, we decided to get to know Muslims in Europe better. And the Department of State created the position as senior counsel to the Deputy Secretary, which I had the honour of being able to serve.
But what it allowed me to do was to travel on behalf of the Government of the United States to meet Muslims throughout Europe and to talk to them about what means being a Muslim in Europe. And the conversations were very clear and distinctive that this identity crisis was pulling them in directions wherever they questioned things that their parents could not answer.
And then where have they gone to get answers? They went to Sheikh Google. They went in places at the time they thought could help to understand who they were.
And absolutely, which relates to what we see on our screens over the past two days. These young children who have been – well, they are not young now. So, they are in their early 30s. But as they – in their twenties as they began to be part of this demographic I’m talking about, was saturated with stories that said that you do not belong.
And I will say that it is not distinctive. It is not surprising to see this kind of identity crisis moving in the direction where they find the use of a narrative by extremists as something they wanted to take it to the next level.
MASTERS: And when you’re talking about-you talked about identity. You talk about the sea of culture.
What – can – maybe talk you a little bit the development of this identity? I mean at what age is a person in particular, or the age group is a particularly vulnerable person to these types of extremist ideologies? And…
Pedrosa: right. Yes. I mean, Jon, look, everyone, no matter who you are, whether you are man or woman, you know what faith you are or a background I mean every teenager goes through a who am I and what is my purpose in the kind of thing world. It is not unique to a particular faith. This is not what I say.
But when you think about what happens to a young person who has seen the images, words, Islam, Muslim, all day, every day, online and offline. This generation is living something that is really deep. And it is very complicated for them to browse.
And when you ask about his age, you know that when we studied this right after the Danish cartoon crisis and I was doing the work in Europe, I saw this as young you of 15, 16, 17 from.
Where people are asking questions – I am reminded of a conversation, I had with a young woman in Denmark, which was a teenager. And it – I was talking to you know 50 or less young children who were Muslims. And we were sitting in a chatroom on the experience.
They were all raised to the Denmark. They all spoke of course Danish, and they considered themselves Danish.
And this girl says that you know my imam told me that I am not a Muslim. And I said: what do you mean? And she said look at me. And if all the children in the room and I looked at us. And I did not understand what she meant.
And she says – you know, that I said I’m sorry, I do not understand what you mean. Look at me, » said. I’m still looking at him. I still do not understand what she’s talking about.
And then she said look at me. And indicates his shirt and his jeans. And she said that my imam told me that if I dress like that I’m not a true Muslim.
And I said to myself, that is your imam? And it was an imam who came outside. It was a foreign imam who does not speak Danish, of Moroccan origin, who came from a village in the Morocco and did not no matter what context on what these children were passing through growing up.
This is an extreme example. But it is an important one. It is this kind of conflict of identity that they have that they do not have ready answers.
And if you advance, which was approximately 2007, 2008, 2009. You fast-forward to now and all these children, you know with the thrust of their finger are getting responses from voice stronger online telling them what they – how they should dress, what they should do, what they eat, how they should look like a true Muslim.
And you know, I think for many policymakers and others that you can reject that. I think you know wow, it’s something sociological which is underway and it has no impact on foreign policy.
But guess what? It is these generations growing up in 9/11 world that are more important to us.
Like I said, 62 percent of 1.6 billion people are under 30 years old. They are the digital natives. They are connected, and the stories that extremists grow out of importance to them.
MASTERS: And if this story, you know of course much is spoken about the need for a counter-narrative. Can you talk a bit – I think that this word is often thrown around loosely.
Could speak you a little more about what an effective counter-narrative is? And how, which plays a role in the sort of countering these threats?
Pedrosa: Yes, OK. So when we think about ideas, we believe that on the ideas of the extremists, they are what I call a story. The thing they think is important is based on a framework we and them, right.
It is also based on a monolithic version of the meaning of being – there is only one way to be a Muslim, right. So, when you – you begin to unpack that.
You begin to see that the form of narrative demonstrated in various ways, not only in the way that they teach you people to be and to live. But it is what they want as well around them. There is no tolerance for anything that deviates from the where they are located.
Now to the facts of the case are Islam has been around for centuries. I mean it has a very well, as you know, a very rich cultural history and diversity.
How the religion is practiced all over the world is extremely varied. But the extremists seek to eliminate any type of memory that it has any sort of diversity of thought.
And you know that we tend to have conversations about the sectarian differences in Islam and these wars that are underway. It is much more than that. It decimates all types of shade, any kind of diversity of thought, any kind of diversity of expression.
And so when you take in this story, we must be concerned about what is happening not just at the moment where the bombs are going off. This is what happens first and foremost is that unfolds, these questions as a child, young mind of a person are absorbent.
And let us not forget that the young mind of a person is not fully formed until the early 20s. So what they get at these ages is very complex for them.
When they want it-when we are trying to push back against the account of the extremists, that we saw, and you saw it too here in this tragic event this week. You are – everyone is begging for people to stand up and speak out against.
Extremely important to stand up and stand strong for freedom of expression for people of all faiths and origins to say that this will not stand, this is not who we are. This is really important.
But the credible voices, those people who are in a position to push a young person to think differently come in forms that we still don’t think.
It is not just the guy with the longest beard and the highest hat. Or the person who is at the head of any university or whatever school scholarship or any multilateral organization, we think has the right voice.
It’s peers. It is when you think – as you know that it is common sense when you think about things at the local level.
Therefore, local actors that have a value for these children. Whether it’s an athlete, whether a businessman, whether it’s a hip-hop guy, is it a graffiti artist, whatever – whoever that person who is sensible is a credible voice.
We know we can do a better job of is raising voice credible to repel all day, every day online and offline to stifle stories of extremists.
MASTERS: OK. Thank you, Farah.
And for those of you who have joined us at the end, it is a media with Farah Pandith CFR conference call focusing on – focusing on extremist Islamic and of course the attacks in Paris.
Therefore at this stage, operator, I think we can go ahead and open to questions.
OPERATOR: thank you. At this time, we open the floor for questions.
If you want to ask a question, press the star key followed by the a key on your touch-tone phone now. Questions will be taken in the order in which they were received.
If at any time you wish to remove yourself from the queue of the item, you can press star, two. Yet once again, ladies and gentlemen, if you want to ask a question, please press star, one now.
Our first question comes from Rachel Oswald with CQ Roll Call [sic].
QUESTION: Hi. I thank very you much for having this call. My question is a two-parter.
First of all, in your time at the State Department have you felt that you had enough – there were enough resources devoted to doing this that raise you outlined, the voice of local actors to combat Muslim extremist.
And secondly, for decision-makers, what is there for them to do on it? It gives the Ministry an increased budget to devote to raising it and supporting a vision more diversified Islam?
Or is it a set of the Government’s approach? Is it soft culture, forms of media which are produced by Hollywood, etc.?
Pedrosa: Thanks for the question. And it is an important and a critic at that time.
We have a new Congress, and you couldn’t ask a most important question. I actually informed of the new members of Congress at Harvard University a few weeks previously and has appealed to them to think differently how we look at this problem.
We do not – if you know you’ve seen this in my bio. I just want to be really clear, because you call of the roll-call and I know that you have a political point of view.
I was a member appointed by President Bush and president Obama policy. So I come to this with a partisan point of view.
I came to this as an American who has had the honour to serve my country for more than ten years on these issues. And see an impact very first-hand what that meant trying to do something and doesn’t have the kind of tools that we do.
When you ask about resources, no, we don’t have enough resources. I think that we absolutely need to think differently about how we deal with how children are getting recruited. In fact, it is what it is all about.
How ISIS and Al-Qaeda are building their armies? They build their armies with recruits. We must stop recruitment.
And they are not recruiting older people more you know 40. They are recruiting people young, agile, who can move aggressively than their ideas forward in a space physical and virtual space.
And therefore so that we can fight against what I still call a war of ideas, it is Government-owned American to lift as many tools to the front as possible in the space of coercive power, which we talk a lot, but also in the area of ‘soft power ‘. And I speak not only – you know you just talked about Hollywood or you know other tools, incredibly important.
But I think that if you will allow me to say, the special representative for Muslim communities, as well as the person who has requested to do so by Hillary Clinton because she heard that I had done in Europe in the context of post-11 September with the Danish cartoon crisis.
We did that – use of force by the Government of the United States to be the Organizer, facilitator and intellectual partner with the ideas that we have learned in the field.
It is not the U.S. Government which will put the ideas forward. It is young people on the ground, who know how to combat this ideology of a very local level.
How can you allow them to leave their ideas to move forward? We need to be creative. We need to be qualified. And we need finance in the area of soft power to be able to do so. And we did not get these funds at all.
If you are looking for a generational problem with extremism. My God, one of the most important things that is needed is to recalibrate how we think this problem, stop the recruitment at the heart of it. And that is going to require much more effective dollars through the interagency in this space of soft power.
MASTERS: great. Thanks, Farah.
Can we have the next question, please?
OPERATOR: thank you. Our next question comes from Josh Miller (ph) with Foxy Gym Room (ph).
QUESTION: Yes. I thank very you much for this call. I would like to get your opinion on whether or not, this could be the beginning of a series of events.
There were some reports today, that or some chatter that a group in Syria is trying to organize attacks against the West. And this week was obviously several events here. Is there an indication that these events are a series of plots or part of a larger plot?
Pedrosa: So thank you for this question.
I can’t know what is in the minds of people around the world. I can only say that we have learned from the past. And I will say that I think it is important for policy makers and others to turn back.
There’s a reason why I mentioned, all the other sort of chronology of experiences, the tragic experiences that we have all learned since. And I just want you give ear to a number of things.
You know that you will remember that when the Danish cartoon crisis occurred is returned to us and said well what has been published caricature?
Pedrosa: How he did this all happen?
Well, when he arrived there were clunky and there were a few responses and reactions. But it was months later when someone has taken this cartoon, went to Egypt and started it kind of peddling around the look, look what has been done.
It began somehow a very sophisticated, if you want, I mean way idea source crowd we should do something, right? And the kind of reaction that has happened with other things also, you know: the murder of the Bay of Bengal, the threat to burn the Koran by Geert Wilders, the threat of Terry Jones, the pastor in Gainesville, Florida, burning a cross.
We began to see, and because – I mean look at, all understand it is – nothing happens in a vacuum. People get ideas and they are advanced in various ways.
But it takes someone to stir the pot with an image or a video or a song. Look at what just happened. We’ll go out there and walk again, or whatever might be this thing.
So I would not be surprised if it, this horrible event in Paris is replicated by other means, but perhaps not as tragically. Whether you know online or offline, I do not know. But people use it for their means. Excuse me, as a means to their ends.
So you know that this is what we have seen from the past. I do not see why it would be true in the future.
MASTERS: OK. Great. Can we have the next caller or the next question, please?
OPERATOR: thank you. Our next question comes from Jacqueline Albert-Simone with the international politics.
QUESTION: Yes. Thanks much for this magnificent exhibition of the situation.
I – you spoke of Europe at the beginning. You said that europe is important. But later, we returned to the United States. My question, of course, due to the event in Paris, is how different countries in Europe to deal with this problem?
I think the first in France, which has never been making authoritarian on Muslims, including in their own culture. They did practically everything very little, one could say, to include, manages to isolate Muslims.
There are 6 million in Paris. And your numbers are the same for Paris in the world. That is why it 62 percent of them are in this position, you mentioned to be very vulnerable.
So can you just tell us about not only the France, but other countries and what they are doing, if they cooperate to the extent that you feel the United States is done or doing?
Pedrosa: So, thank you for this question. I want to say I want to be really – I want to be really direct. You know that this horrible event is not only the first time that European countries are obviously see things. And even in the context of the chaos of ISIS and foreign fighters.
Europeans in a post-9/11 world have really thought about this problem in the space of the power soft both in the space of coercive power. But the question is: where and how Governments get creative about what they do?
After talking with cartoon post Danish of many European Governments, you know there was a great movement and change in the way in which these countries think about these things. And I have–you know if it’s Spain or the Netherlands or the Germany, whether the Sweden. Each of these countries have different philosophies on how they think about things.
And that is why I started the call with speaks when you look at a country in Europe, we say not only monolithic Europe, of course, we know this is not true. But even in Europe – I’m sorry, even a monolith of countries.
I’ll give you an example. If you look at the country of the Spain, a Madrid Muslim and a Muslim in Barcelona have two very different experiences, right.
In Madrid, there is the largest mosque in Europe: the mosque of the M30. But in Barcelona, the catalan Government made very complicated to build a mosque.
Why am I now stating that? Because the ease with which we talk about communities of Muslims in a country is very different.
When you go to Barcelona and you talk to Muslims you know as you begin to hear how ill at ease, they think of not having a place to pray. The so-called « mosques in the garage.
But when you go to Madrid they are very proud of the mosque of the M30, and they say that they have a place to pray. And there are a lot of converts to Madrid.
So, how does the Government think these issues? And this is just a small example for one more thing.
When we think about the experience of these communities, we not only look at the generations of people in Europe, what generation, what cultural heritage. You are a person of Moroccan origin, of Turkish origin, Pakistan? It makes a difference to what happens in the House.
And then also what are the issues the field making experience for Muslims – you know how they feel? You are in Cologne where you know that there was this controversy over the mosque in Cologne?
Have you the conversations about whether minarets should be built? You’re thinking to- and I am not, on the other hand, blaming – I speak only of the ecosystem in which you grew up and you’re thinking about these things.
In all the cities that I travel, and when I was Senior Advisor to the Ambassador Dan Freed within two years between 2007 and 2009, I went to the Western Europe 19 and 55 cities. And I went to places where many senior government officials is never gone. And so I can say that many, many things that I tell you are some echoes from what I’ve heard of them.
And this grade you know I can’t emphasize it enough. Whether you’re a Leipzig or a Düsseldorf or Berlin a Frankfurt, it makes a difference because of the community in which – support that Muslims are getting and how they think about themselves.
So I don’t want to paint this as you know a problem you know the boy, Germany is different from the Belgium and the United Kingdom should do this from the Italy. It is not just that. This is not – many of the conversations are pretty advanced now in 2015.
But what we missed down the line, if it is – and this is consistent with all Western nations I went to, including our own country, said passing. Whether it’s the Australia or the New Zealand or one of the countries of Western Europe, you do not see the kind of response outside the Government for help to think in innovative ways in which we can create Counter-stories. And it is the missing piece.
MASTERS: great. Can we have the next question, please?
OPERATOR: thank you. Our next question comes from Kenneth Jost with Jost on Justice.
QUESTION: Hello. I guess I want to ask in fact an elaboration on your response.
What policies have European Governments which interfere with the Muslim freedom of religious expression? Have policies that fail to protect Muslims against discrimination based on religion? And what can be done in what concerns these inactions or omissions?
Pedrosa: So I want to be – Yes. I understand the question. Thank you.
It would seem would like to say that in this case, this happens. And I want to be clear that this is not the case. I think it is important that ask you the question of what the ecosystem is in which a young person who is being a Muslim grows.
Obviously, it affects them. And you know that it goes to the crisis of identity sometimes that I have spoken. But this isn’t because you haven’t – again, I’m not. Ok.
Clearly, I am not pleading that it’s OK not to have a place to pray because as an American, I absolutely believe in the freedoms of expression. I believe in freedom of religion, all the things that hold us dear as Americans, of course.
But I think that what I tell you is through Europe you see a series of complicated answers that are local and federal governments – level you are trying to put in place for something in particular do is having a reaction violent stem.
You know I think it is – you know we want the Americans the possibility for people to pray freely. We want to see the ability of people to build a mosque, a church, a temple freely.
We want people to be able to express their religion in the way of dressing, if you wear a yamaka, bindi or a cross or a turban. Those are values that hold us very dear.
Some of the policies that are complicated come around issues of this kind of freedoms. And some of the conversations that are always talked about is also what is happening in the context of dignity, OK, how people are thought.
Is there an easy facilitation of opportunity to people to say something, if they feel discriminated against? Are there coalitions built within communities, multi-ethnic and multi-faith support coalitions. Y does it – is the kind of environment where you know that it is OK to have faith?
I remember having a conversation very early the following the Danish cartoon crisis where the gentleman – it was a round table, in fact I had in Belgium. And a Belgian told me, an older man looked at me and said: ‘ what am I supposed to do in this country? » God is dead here, « right.
And I say this because it is the ease of life. It is the human component to what we lack sometimes. We must look at our own perspective too here in America the conversations that we have with us on what means being American: how we think about the race, how we think about dignity for all, mutual respect.
I’m not trying to sound like Pollyanna. I say simply that these things of importance. When you think about crops and the contours of the experience of an individual.
Is there a place to pray, if you are – I want to say, excuse me, to be buried when you die as a Muslim? Is there available cemeteries? Not everywhere in Europe has this facility.
When you pay your tithe some of this dime goes to the Muslim cemeteries and not only those Christian? These are hints that local and State in the European context, the players really need to make sure that are equal in all fields.
MASTERS: Farah, I was wondering if you could talk a little more about, you know what are some of the programs in these communities that appear to be, as you describe, capacity building? Not necessarily, you do not know a sort of heavy of the Government’s approach, but capacity-building in some way at the base?
I mean, obviously, that they are very sensitive to the context, to the local context. But can we speak perhaps that some of the points in common and you know, is there a certain model that worked and so promote in some of these high-level discussions to know you prevent these types of events in the future?
Pedrosa: Yes. I want to say that this is in fact all about local. It is all about the base. It is organic, balanced initiatives that can a Government – you know that you look back and you think wait, what-(inaudible) quick to criticize programs.
But if a community you tells, in Luton (United Kingdom), for example, with the theatre company Khayaal or that says look, in this community, we have a lot of people of South Asian origin who are third and fourth generation. And we know that this street theatre actually works very well as a place to say – for the stories. We want to invest in local street theater to provide opportunities for children to hear things in a different way.
You know that most Governments are as expected, what are you talking about? Show us the return on investment. If we give that kind of money to the small NGO here, how that will make a difference in the overview?
There’s no magic wand here. There is no miracle solution. We need to invest in really, efforts of home and coalitions of networks that can push back so that the voices we hear are not the voices of Government.
We have built several of these initiatives in the past with small seed grants to local actors. The network against Violent extremism, for example, is a fantastic example of players the throughout Europe and indeed everywhere in the world who are former extremists of all kinds who are able to speak of their experience of how they radicalize.
And they do. And it makes a difference to a young person to hear. Is it scaled up big enough? No. This is the kind of places we need to see investments.
We need to see investment in the public service announcements with creative filmmakers who have done things, and you know that they are trying to make Kickstarter campaigns. This is where the Government you know power can be to help identify areas where they need help and connect them to the connector with non-governmental entities that can actually get these ideas up and out and soil to build platforms to do this.
I often think of things you know. When we look at global problems, look for example on HIV/AIDS. Twenty-five years ago, that you know that person could not even talk about the issue. He had something – it was very unlikely.
People could not speak of condoms. You couldn’t say the word in public. It was a conversation very bad uncomfortable. People did not want it to be. But in fact this is a global threat.
This is something that people did not know how to deal. Until we got local and popular and executives talk about this problem and think Wow, while the Government works on this issue themselves, too, we can do our part in thinking about how we educate the children.
It took 20 years, but now I mean this is quite ordinary. We put new types of money in research. We will beat this disease.
I want to say that all these things can be connected to the way of thinking about this problem of extremism. We need to integrate this conversation so that the ideas the and biological can flourish.
It is not something that people think oh it’s a Government problem, they have to deal with him. In fact, we need the innovation of non-governmental actors to defeat extremists.
MASTERS: great. Thank you.
Can operator, we have the next question, please?
OPERATOR: Yes, Mr President. Our next question comes from Lisa Rizzolo with German television ARD.
QUESTION: Hi there. Thank you for taking my question. Wanted to ask you if you can comment on the cooperation between Europe and the United States in dealing with the problem?
And as attorney general Holder moves to Paris this weekend to meet at the ministerial level. They say respond to terrorist threats, foreign fighters and the fight against violent extremism. What do you think could be accomplished in a meeting like that?
Pedrosa: Yes. I think that’s a wonderful thing that Attorney general Holder will be part of this conversation.
There’s no lines separating more. What is happening in Europe of questions for the United States and vice versa, and as I previously said in this appeal, globally.
What we should – there is a lot of cooperation. You asked this direct question. Of course, there are many cooperation on a wide range of areas. This is not the issue here.
The issue is not just the piece of intel on what is happening. What we want to see is cooperation around the room CVE, the piece in combating violent extremism, the stuff that I spent the majority of this call to talk. What can we do to bring resources to the table to inject new initiatives into the global landscape to end recruitment occur?
Ok. A few examples here. It is the most basic. But you know what we really need to focus on what is happening in the home.
Parents understand how a child gets recruited? We spend the kind of time explaining to them what we have learned in the Government on how the recruitment process takes place, what we see online and offline? How can we help parents with children than we think – they think they are you know sensitive and need help?
There is a situation of ongoing fear. Have we built the kind of infrastructure and the capacity of the mental health and social workers in order to work on these things?
We did not have this kind of things. We did not how we do it. And the time is now.
MASTERS: great. Thank you.
Can operator, we have the next question, please?
OPERATOR: Yes, Mr President. Our next question comes from Boya daily with popular Li.
QUESTION: thank you. The White House, the Press Secretary Josh Earnest said yesterday that duration of Obama would give priority to the Islam-phobia of fighting in the aftermath of the terrorist attack in France.
And he said that the real problem is the lack of leadership in the defense of Islam. And this was interpreted as an effort to promote Islam. So could you share your thoughts on this we?
Pedrosa: As Americans, we believe in the freedom of faith and we respect each faith on this planet. This is who we are as Americans.
The President of a particular faith, that he would do this for any other attacks of any other faith, all – and should. The Commander in Chief of our country the tone it defines who we are as Americans is important.
Dating back to the founding fathers of our country, George Washington for president Obama, almost all presidents unique made statements very clear and concise on their respect for any religion, respect – and including Islam, incidentally. You can go back and watch it.
So for me it’s a conversation ridiculous to promote one religion or another. President encourages mutual respect for and the dignity of all faiths, and he always has.
MASTERS: great. Thank you. Can we have the next question, please?
OPERATOR: thank you. Our next question comes from Lynnard Duberstein (ph) with Public International News (ph). Mr President, your line is now open.
MASTERS: Farah, I have a question. As you worked in this community how much – I want to say many of them are immigrant communities. How does economics play a role? And you know how is it a component of as we think to set up programmes, or funding for programs that would help to prevent these types of attacks? How Economics comes into play?
Pedrosa: in terms of how extremists are able to do their thing or?
MASTERS: Well well, in words – no, no. In terms of – sorry. In terms of poverty. How much is poverty and the economic situation and what kind of – how to play a role?
Pedrosa: Thank you for this question. So yes, sorry. Thanks for the question. This is an important thing to address.
Look, look at the data-. After September 11, you will recall that everyone tells one or two things that the bad guys were before we really knew who they were.
Everybody says that they should – the must absolutely not be educated because clearly someone who is educated could not do this. Everyone says that they should be really poor because they have nothing to live and so so this is why they did this.
We have to demystify this kind of stuff. I mean what we know, tragically, 13 years after September 11, is a lot of information. One of the things that we have done really well is understand who these people are, right. Where – age so a OK indicator. This is one thing that is out there.
But guess what? What we learned is the level of education, financial you know comfortability, race, these are not the things that are – gender, are not the things that play into what is happening with regard to the recruitment process.
The one caveat I’ll tell you about the money thing is as follows. There are places that I’ve been in the world in which extremists will pay people to wear particular types of dress. To send an image to build the kind of ecosystem thinking, that I returned at the beginning of the call, this kind of monolithic vision of what it means.
If money comes in this way. Why not make a few hundred dollars per week to cover my hair? You know I’ll do it. You know that in this case, right. I also – see also of course, there are some examples of places where people are paid to be sort of Cannon, if you want.
But the vast majority of recruits do this because they are either poor or they do not have an education or any other you know the box that we love to put this stuff in. It makes us feel so much better – and I don’t say this to you. I do not mean it this way.
I just want to say the conversation we had, were it not that simple you know it to be this age and need this either poor and then so you become a bad guy. This is not what we have seen in the context of these past 13 years.
MASTERS: OK. I think we have a few questions here. Operator, can go us ahead with the next?
OPERATOR: Our next question comes from Alden Petkov (ph) with the Bulgarian National Radio.
QUESTION: Hello. I thank very you much for the call. I want to hear your comments about something that happened immediately after the attack.
There are statements by groups of the extreme right in Europe, including in the United Kingdom who have attacked these attacks. The attacks show that this model of multiculturalism does not work. What is your vision on these comments?
Pedrosa: Yes. These are comments that are predictable. I want to say that we have seen on several occasions. And politicians use what they use goals that they have.
We are in a really serious moment in our human history. We are witnessing a group of non-State actors have the opportunity to recruit young children. And this is the question that we need to focus on.
Politicking around that, I really have very little patience for. What it does, that it is the eye of the ball of the biggest problems that we really need to pay attention to.
Directly to answer your question, of course people will benefit from this. And they-not only in the two places you mentioned. It will happen all over the world.
As an American, I believe in the power of diversity. And I think that it’s stronger communities.
Operator, we can go ahead with the next question.
OPERATOR: thank you. Our next question comes from Jean Yu (ph) with Evco Times Newspaper (ph).
QUESTION: My name is John – Hello? Do you hear me?
MASTERS: Yes. Go ahead with your question.
QUESTION: sure. You mentioned after September 11 the world – the national community has begun to respond to the question. I understand, that is, they begin to realize the issue-to respond to this crisis?
And do you think that after all that, more than 20 years, do we miss? Or we succeed to duly respond?
And also, you mentioned that different countries have their own strategy to overcome this crisis. But the extremists, they are then dedicated to use all tools such as cartoons, music, movies to achieve their own goals. So do you think this (inaudible) international crisis?
This crisis need us a leader to generalize the idea and strategy? And who do you think should be – the role of leader?
Pedrosa: I do not think that we need a leader.
I think that the Governments of the world need to stimulate new ideas and help us to explain to non-State actors who have innovation in space online, who have innovation in space offline to help us to think creatively on how to build one all day, every day machine that will refute and deflate the stories of extremists of all kindsIf we are not talking about Boko Haram or we are talking about no Lak Shabiba (ph) or we talk about QA or ISIS or whatever, it happens to be.
This is possible. This is not an intractable problem. It is a problem that we have the know-how. The question is can we increase and do what we do in partnership with non-governmental actors to be able to do things.
MASTERS: OK. Great. Thanks, Farah.
Given the time constraints, I think that we have a very tight time 13:00. But I would like to give the opportunity to give some final thoughts here if you want to go ahead, Farah Farah.
Pedrosa: Yes. Thank you. And thank you all for listening. I think we have talked about – we’ve covered a lot of ground today. I’ll just say two things.
One, it’s a reality check of what we can do better. And I think that moments that people are now asking and talking about the ideology is important so that we can understand how to build the kind of ‘virtual’ armed to push back against the extremist narrative are now. It is now, it is now. And we can do more.
The other thing is that I would say just that I think we must think. We need to imagine what comes after that. What – we must be ahead of the thinking of the worst bad guys out there, eh. What they are doing? How they would build more recruits? And we need to be ahead of them in this way. And the only way we’ll get there is to get this kind of creative ideas of communities themselves. And it must require.
Dating back to the wife of the roll-call, the kind of attention in our country by our elected officials, our newly elected to think of creative things and not to expect the same type of approach, which was only an approach of coercive power. But we also need to see at the international level, the encounter between movements nuanced and organic all kinds of voice credible to be able to do so.And us – it can be deactivated. Thank you.
MASTERS: great. Thanks, Farah. Well, I think it was a very useful and very engaging discussion. But it will leave it for now.
I would like to thank Farah Pandith for its look this afternoon, of course as well as the number of callers for their interest.
It was once again, the Council on Foreign Relations media conference call. And thank you all for joining in