Tribute to our military, drivers and mechanics who died for the France and other 2 dead is, unfortunately, still too young, they complement the long list of the military dead for the France, and it is thanks to people like this and our forefathers that we are free, Sincere condolences for families, friends, and colleagues of the military from Ochey (BA13) base but also throughout the NATION is in mourning, in all components .
Assigned to the base air 13 of Nancy-Ochey (Meurthe-et-Moselle), the nine French were killed while participating in a training mission.
The accident, which killed 11 people in total, was caused by a failure at the time of take-off of a patrol of four F – 16 Greeks. One of the planes crashed on one of the garages in the centre for training and development of Los Llanos, some 250 km southeast of Madrid.
Twenty-one people were injured, including five French.
I would like to apologise to the team of the TV show on the 4 « it’s not rocket science ‘ because, the other day
Speaking on a subject that had absolutely nothing to do with their show, I serve as the name of JAMIE that I shot in derision, but the name him – even, so that was part of the context here, I wanted to apologize, because more what you made for kids, is pretty darn good and I am the first to watch it, because it is super informative, and I understand, therefore, that is to say, please, is it you please accept my flatter excuses.merci in advance.
The truckers strike: the Ministry of Labour launched a new negotiation
A new session of negotiations is scheduled Thursday 22 January between employers and trade unions. Management has not yet confirmed his coming, and the road dams are maintained.
No new meeting of negotiations is scheduled Thursday, January 22 in the morning between the employers and trade unions of the transport road, the intersyndicale calling to continue the test force engaged on the ground.
The Labour Ministry « decided to reconvene a round of negotiations tomorrow (Thursday) morning at 8:30 with all the social partners », labour branch, said Wednesday at the AFP Patrice Clos, Secretary general of FO transport.
Contacted the employer side has confirmed this information, but without indicating whether it would be Thursday morning.
Certainly, « the delay is reasonable » to return to the table of negotiations, « but the decision is not yet made » on a possible participation of the National Federation of road transport (FNTR), told AFP his delegate general, Nicolas Paulissen.
The road dams are maintained
Meanwhile, trade unions (CGT, FO, CFTC and CFE – CGC) originally of a movement started Sunday has since Tuesday evening part of the Directorate-General of labour, for the resumption of the negotiations.
« It earlier would have been the best », stressed Patrice Clos, still satisfied with the new meeting scheduled. « But it will not lift roadblocks to as much, » he added.
« It doesn’t shout not either + hip hip hip Hooray +! », abounds Thierry Douine (CFTC), calling to amplify the strike.
Tuesday evening, the intersyndicale had briefly suspended the social movement, as a result of the failure of the talks, employers and the CFDT have left the negotiating table.
Trade unions were back on their decision in the night, management negotiators did not respond to the « convocation » of the president of the commission mixed joint – a representative of the Ministry of labour – which was called to resume Tuesday at 23:00 the wage bargaining.
Disagreement between employers and trade unions on wages
« We have not refused the negotiation, we refused the moment of negotiation, » said Aline Mesples, President of the UR (TPE and SMEs in roadtransport), denouncing « the dramatization of the last days ».
« Negotiation is tense is » she acknowledges. But employers ‘remain on acceptable proposals in the context’, which ‘sees compete savings from different European countries, with different social models’.
Negotiations begin on the magnitude of the wage increase: trade unions are demanding 5%, employers won’t go above 2%.
In the absence of agreement between unions and employers, the conventional minima remained in force last year.
In 2014, one of the four coefficients in the transport road – one of the most qualified employees – exceeded the minimum wage, set at 9.53 euros gross per hour. The minimum wage was raised to 9.61 euros on January 1.
The CFDT transport, first Trade Union in the profession, was ready Wednesday noon to swell the ranks of the strikers in the case of status quo.
The CFDT called to harden the strike
« After consultation with its authorities, the CFDT urged employers to return to the negotiating table in the next few hours », is written in a press release.
« Fault to be heard », she called all of its activists and employees « to enter into a major conflict », warned.
In the morning, strikers renewed the actions carried out since Sunday evening.R).
In the North, a snail on the A1 motorway operation resulted very large caps in the direction Lille-Paris, learned from same source.
Upon the release of Lille, motorists faced a dozen kilometres of slowdowns. The movement would continue until the platform of Dourges (Pas-de-Calais), about 30 km from the capital of Flanders.
Bordeaux, 100 strikers have installed of new dams filter in the areas of cargo of Bègles (Southeast suburb) and Bruges (Northwest), after having freed of Cestas (South-West).
The demonstrators had received « reinforcements » night locals CGT Ford and CGT railwaymen, but also of carriers of funds and paramedics, according to Marc Rosa, responsible for the CGT transport in the Gironde.
The Journal of the world of the road and the road
The truckers strike is growing
Road -Blockages of industrial centres and petroleum deposits, operations snail, particularly in the West of the country: the truckers strike was Monday morning to weigh on wage negotiation.
« Our goal is to develop mobilization, creating new points of tension in the North and West of the France », commented to AFP Jérôme truth, boss of the CGT transport.
Slow the economy to put pressure on employers. The slogan launched by the trade unions CGT, FO, CFTC and CFE – CGC is translated by some 50 shares on the whole of the territory on the night of Sunday to Monday, including in Bordeaux, Toulouse, Lille (Tourcoing), Metz and Reims.
Monday at 10: 00, the national centre for road information (CNIR), questioned by FTVi, reported 737 km from plugs… but due to the weather. « Only 40 kilometres are related to the road blockages », says the site.
« Everything is calm »
Marseille, three operations snail slowed down the motorway traffic Monday morning in the direction of the city from the West, East and North, with caps up to 15 km.
In the Paris region, it is the port of Gennevilliers (Hauts-de-Seine) that some 30 activists blocked three main roundabouts, according to a police source. All trucks are blocked, according to the source.
Gennevilliers is the first port of Ile-de-France. Each year, 20 million tons of goods pass on this platform, « where almost all the oil in the Ile-de-France region is distributed », according to Pascal Goument (CFTC-GND).
In the Lyon suburbs, a hundred people block access to carriers of Corbas wholesale market since Sunday evening. They intend to remain in place until Tuesday.
Monday morning, West of the France was particularly affected by the truck drivers on strike. At Rennes, 50 of them were filtered through cars « porte de Lorient » exit of the ring road in the direction of Paris, according to Christophe Provost (CGT). They prevent the trucks to pass, but leave access cars. « Everything is calm », according to him.
Trade unions and employer organisations meet Tuesday in Paris to raise a round of wage negotiations stalled. In December, the failure of mandatory annual negotiations (NAO) had led the inter-trade union association to appeal to a renewable strike. Part one, the CFDT had blocked heavy overnight at the Saint-Arnoult toll (Yvelines).
« Tired »
Near Nantes, all access to the industrial area of Carquefou are blocked by strikers fifty, according to Thierry Mayer (CGT) which indicates that 70 to 80 trucks are blocked since 5 h 15. « Nobody comes nobody comes out », according to him.
At Caen, regional traffic Center reported 10 to 12 km from caps on the device shortly after 08:00, with hundreds of heavy weight stored on and near the ring road.
For Jean-Louis Delaunay (CGT), who participated in the operation snail, the extent of the mobilization reflects the « tired » of the profession. « Since 2013 he was no conventional increase, will be the shot anyway! », he warns.
By these blockages, the road mean « deny rampant poverty and the Smicardisation » of the profession and weigh in on the negotiations.
In 2014, one of the four coefficients in force (which serve as a basis for wage negotiations) in road transport – one of the most qualified employees – exceeded the minimum wage (9.61 euros gross per hour in 2015).
Trade unions are demanding « an increase of the purchasing power of minimum 100 euros » per month, bringing to 10 euros the minimum hourly rate for the lowest coefficients to be hiring.
The context is in favour of upgradings, believe the unionists, pointing the public aid granted to companies via the Covenant of responsibility and competitiveness (CICE) employment tax Credit, or yet the decline in fuel prices.
Employers responded that he doesn’t have « sufficient room for manoeuvre » to meet these requirements.
Claims of trade unions, which require also a 13th month or the removal of deficiency disease, are « at odds with the economic realities of the business », defends Nicolas Paulissen, delegate general of the National Federation of road transport.
His organization will present Tuesday a « improved proposal » by « 1% to 2% increase according to the « Pascal
» coefficients ». The unions are demanding 5%.
Quimper. The lawyers against the Macron law
Pascal Jaouen Quimper Cornouaille Festival. Lawyers against the law Macron November 20, 2014 at 3: 14 pm A calling of the collective of 3,000 lawyers du Grand Ouest, some 50 lawyers of the bar of Quimper demonstrating this Thursday noon, before the Palace of Justice. They have thus not hesitated to set fire to copies of the Penal Code thrown ground previously, showing off in the same eye mocking portrait of Emmanuel Macron. Several aspects of the so-called Macron Act ‘for the activity and growth’ are in the viewfinder of the lawyers. The first of these concerns the deletion of the territoriality of presentation laid down in the operative part. « The risk is to expedite already committed judicial desertification », plague the bâtonnière of Quimper Me Regine Le Goff. Demonstration in Nantes other grievance, the ability of in-house lawyers to exercise the function of lawyer after five years of service only (compared with eight currently). Two other points are strongly condemned by demonstrators: the creation of a position of counsel employed business « which in fact threatens the independence of the profession », as well as the opening of private external capital firms. Tomorrow, about a quarter of the lawyers of the bar of Quimper will be at Nantes, where lawyers are also on strike since the beginning of the week.
LAWYERS strike – Bar of Béziers – home
Lawyers strike: the hearings of the Court of Montpellier disturbed
Several courts including Montpellier, were very strongly disrupted Monday by the lawyers strike, the third in a month to the call of the national Council of des barreaux (CNB), claiming the Government sustainable funding of legal aid.
The national Council of the bars provides a massive mobilization of the bars of Creteil, Montpellier, Toulouse, Strasbourg, Grasse or Bordeaux.
After a first day of mobilization on 5 June, 26 June had already been very followed in Montpellier and Nîmes. Several courts had been completely paralyzed.
Beyond that, lawyers in these jurisdictions do practice no consultation in their offices.
Monday 7 July all hearings of the Correctional Court of Montpellier are cancelled.
And the Montpellier Bar Association joined the Paris demonstration.
Legal aid in question
Indeed, the profession wishes to put pressure on the Government so that it abandoned the project to fund legal aid by a tax on the turnover of firms.
Legal aid provides support for the costs of justice for the poorest. In 2013, 787.289 paid by legal aid missions were performed by 25.663 lawyers on some 60,000 in the profession.
In total, the State took dependant EUR 240 million of fees excluding VAT in respect of legal aid.
The NBC objects to the proposed tax on the income of lawyers from other funding sources possible: an increase in registration fees
(collected on legal acts and mutations), taxation of unregistered filed legal documents (e.g. patents, trademarks or company accounts deposits) and a tax on insurance contracts.
On 27 June, received by the representatives of the profession in an electric atmosphere,
Christiane Taubira, the keeper of the seals, had indicated that the Prime Minister, Manuel Valls, had accepted the principle of a tax that could reinforce legal aid, ensuring « no track (was) excluded ».
Corroborating sources, Deputy Jean-Yves Le Bouillonnec PS should be soon appointed official mediator in the folder of legal aid, to make the interface between Government and lawyers.
Montpellier bar showed in Paris and courtrooms were empty Monday.
Doctors strike explained! Stop handling…
The medical interns will work a (small) less from may
After the emergency physicians, specialists and general practitioners: the movement of discontent among doctors spread Monday, December 29 to SOS Médecins. What are the emergency physicians who were the first to strike, asking for better working conditions before adjourning their notice 24 hours later, through an agreement with the Ministry of health. Liberal physicians, they have called for the strike until December 31. GPS require an upgrading of the tariffs of the consultations and protested several provisions of the public healthBill, including the third paying generalized. Private clinics, they have launched a notice for January 5: they consider that Marisol Touraine Bill condemns the private sector. The Express folder.
-In March, the European Commission had pinned the France, because the french internal spent too many hours in hospitals: 60 per week, far from the maximum of 48 hours imposed by Brussels.
Strike doctors, you know, when SARKOZY returned to PARIS, and that he left the Doubs, much welcomed the elimination of his part in the first round, this which does certainly not happened to him and then long, that said, I can understand these people, and I’m not unhappy, but saying that I jump with joy, no, but , frankly, this shows us all, that have risen frankly beside a trick because if some did not think their mouth, it would be not there, Cahuzac, Wuerth, Bertrand, Cope, Morel Hirsch, Sarkozy, also,… etc., if ACERLOR problems in others was occupied, because it really was not the only one, could do great things, it ya a tuc, also, is not enough of the connreies that have been made, and on which they have been able to advance, instead, you prefer to take us from for oxen, and lying, as the famous curve of unemployment, growth.. .etc.!It is true, it does not come out all sciences po, ENA, but, when, we are told, it is not more beast than you, you understand, but, when, we explained that the water it wet, let me to laugh when the people, members of Parliament, see, even the head of State (among other the blunder on Algeria, Hello tact) orWhen MARISSOL TOURAINE released, his Act health: the patient’s body no longer belongs to him…but the State.but, fortunately, that there is no of bloopers
Ya, a guy that, you know, who wrote this, it would be good to hear » » We must learn to live together like brothers, otherwise we will die together as fools . » [Martin Luther-King]
And if François Holland has lied us in Dakar on the pretext…
And if François Holland lied us in Dakar on the pretext promote respect for constitutions?
Ask if a bricklayer franc ment, it is asking if a car it rolls. !
By Germain Anil Makitu
« The french Government calls to respect constitutional order and the aspirations of peoples… ». There where the constitutional rules are abused (…), where the alternation is prevented, I say, here, that the citizens of these countries will always find support in the francophone ». This is the quintessence of the words of Francois Hollande who made a bombshell in African opinion. The people of Internet users went there in its comments and interpretations, praising the french politician to be the spokesman for these African voiceless, oppressed by the will of their leaders, obsessed in majority by the idea to restack beyond their number of mandates provided by the constitutional order. For my part, I am far from share this optimism and blind for reasons that I will explain in the following lines.
1. Learn to read history and learn from… Any who don’t know read
When on June 20, 1990, the president François Mitterand convened in La Baule, seaside resort of the Brittany coast, a meeting of African heads of State, he invited his guests to develop the process of democratization in their respective countries. He went up to subordinate the financial assistance for the introduction of a multi-party system and efforts that will be made by each Government to lead the people towards more freedom. With a critical eye, it was realized that the french Socialist president had not changed one iota the sacrosanct rule of constant defence of french interests. Worse, François Mitterand continued to strengthen the networks of the Françafrique and to be accoquiner with the old oligarchies who suçaient the blood of Africans, leaving the old counters and the multinationals of the hexagon continue their looting with the silent acquiescence of dinosaurs such as Houphouët-Boigny, Omar Bongo or Mobutu who continued to benefit from its support in return. It is the same Mitterand that break the dream of democratization of the French colonies in is taking to Thomas Sankara who will be murdered with his blessing via Negroes of services.
Back to recent events, we still fresh in memory the hard duel that this same François Holland has delivered against president Joseph Kabila in the 14th Summit of la Francophonie, which was held in 2012. in Kinshasa, the capital rdcongolaise. Well before this Summit, François Holland described as unacceptable the political situation in the Congo in terms of the human rights, of democracy and of the recognition of the opposition. It thus conditioned his arrival in Kinshasa by the release of politicians, notably Eugène Diomi Ndongala, and the resumption of the trial of Floribert Chebeya, a defender of the rights of man, cowardly murdered.
While all human rights activists and Congolese civil society were cheering the first African step of this president newly elected by the french people, they were far from suspecting that his speech was only simple propaganda, an official speech which gives appearances to defend human rights while at the bottom of things it hides a more important unofficial agenda.
Indeed, were barely the lanterns extinct on the 14th e Kinshasa Summit, the french president had become amnesiac. He will never speak of the freedom of political prisoners (Eugène Diomi released before his arrival in Kinshasa will be returned to custody a few months later) or the trials of Floribert Chebeya whose killers continue to go freely about their daily business.
Worse, on Wednesday, May 21, 2014, or a year later, the same Joseph Kabila elected in 2011 through massive fraud and yesterday publicly reviled by François Holland, will be received on the steps of the Elysee to talk contact the Central African crisis and bilateral cooperation.
It took little to understand that François Mitterand nor François Holland still less the french government do work for the democratization of Africa. They all work for the interests of their peoples who elected them. In these circumstances, the political declarations coming out of their mouths must be gauged through the prism of the interests they defend. They can change clothes and make-up, adopt a new line of conduct in the context of the time, with the single and constant challenge that worth: save or even increase the interests of groups of interest which they received mandate. And these interests, believe me, they defend them at best with an Africa that they want anarchic and refractory to the culture of democracy.
2 Strategy to change wildcards while perpetuating the system…
Africa democratize, real advice will never come agenda dominant who would lose a lot of their benefits. Let us stop to rent Holland speech and believe that it is in direct confrontation against African leaders who want to change the constitutions. Joseph Kabila is their creation! He reigns by challenge on a people martyred by the will of its masters who give him the means and the opportunity! And in this sad naivety which characterizes us, if ever tomorrow he resigned because that become too pressed orange and which gives more satisfaction, it will well and truly replaced by an another wildcard chosen by the will neo-imperiale and replying to the Negro’s service profile.
What they hold, what dictators remain in place or that they should be replaced by some other similarly predatory vocation. So when in the past they have seen come the revolution wind shake the Tunisia as Burkina Faso, two countries considered models by french in his speech in Dakar president, the powerful of this world have done everything to precede these events by imposing their project to them. Their golden rule is this: they pretend to take part for the peoples who rebelled against the unjust order but in reality it is better to accompany changes to impose leaders acquired their cause and defend their interests. What is important is not the respect for the constitutional order that François Holland pretends to defend. That nenni! That its declarations of intent are designed, it is actually we caress in the direction of NAP, rest on false laurels and remove us the vigilance. The day they preach with beautiful lyrics and night they participate in the Machiavellian plan to impose democracy on variable geometry, that I named indigénisée or treated democracy , which continues to knowingly maintain political disorder in African countries categorized as eternally by them of marginalized countries but a mess created and organizing to promote outside interests to the dismay of the people who has been stealing his sovereign will.
Those who have followed very closely the method of balloting that brought Michaëlle Jean to the position of Secretary General of the OIF, recall of modes for the less contrary to the status of the OIF through which this Canadian was elected. Saturday, November 20, 2014, while the 80 presidents and heads of Government were meeting in Dakar for the election of the successor of Abdou Diouf, François Holland will conduct a meeting in private with the Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, president Denis Sassou Nguesso and the Côte d’Ivoire Alassane Ouattara. It is this small group who will nominate by consensus and closed Michaëlle Jean unless it is deemed necessary by the master of oceans to proceed to the vote. A victory in the snatch and which must lead us to reflect on the internal springs of this choice.
The lesson is clear: within the great francophone family, it is France who decides and African States comply. As said so a user last Monday, they seek the estate of Abdou Diouf, a subservient Negro, a Negro who will say nothing when they go bomb, loot or truncate the elections in Africa… And Michaëlle Jean which we emphatically Haitian origins responds well to this profile of leaders which is in fouteront when a power of the North decide to go kill Africans and to plunder its riches, either directly or through an African contractor acquired in the external cause. Africans have to obey…
3 Michaëlle Jean or the game of anglo-saxon Chameleon…
The election of Michaëlle Jean reminds us of another polling cavaleresque who will appoint Sunday, July 15, 2013 Ms. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma at the head of the commission of the African Union against president outgoing Jean Ping defeated. Many journalists in the room emphasized mysterious pressures and intimidation that weighed on the African heads of State.  in the election of this South African citizen, appears to read in the discomfiture of francafricain Jean Ping, the victory of the Anglo-Saxon and the new direction that will take now the conduct of continental politics of Africa turned more to Washington than to Paris.
What is the link between the scenario of the African Union with the election of Mrs Michaëlle Jean? It lies in two facts which escape under the ordinary mortals. The first clue, the truth is that in the new geopolitical reconfiguration of Africa, officials either States or international organizations of Africa more and more citizens are very close to the Anglo-Saxon sphere. See the Arab apres-printemps of Tunisia in Egypt through Libya, new heads of State were acquaintances with Uncle Sam. Next to the Côte d’Ivoire Alassane Ouattara, who has worked in Financial Institutions international with headquarters in the USA or the interim Malian president, the captain Sala7 which was formed at the school American, the last revolution Burkina Faso dated has been recovered by the American camp which Lieutenant-Colonel Zarni formed in North America is the centerpiece. All procrastination leading Burkina Faso to know three heads of State (Honoré Traoré, Yacouba Isaac Zida and Michel Kafando) within a month are obvious signs that the rules of game are dictated from outside, by the very people who engage a struggle for geopolitical through an instrumented wish African elite hegemony. These are the same that give us beautiful lessons in democracy at the time where on the theatre of operations they do just the opposite that sacrifices the future of Africa on the altar of their interests.
It is therefore in this new configuration americanophile of Africa to understand the appointment of the Canadian head of the OIF. The political past of the new General Secretary of the international organization of la Francophonie is in itself very eloquent. Canadian Haitian aged 57-year-old, a former radio journalist, Michaëlle Jean has long served as high political Gouverneure General of Canada before being appointed to the post of Secretary General of the OIF.
For those who don’t know, canada is a constitutional monarchy at the same time as a parliamentary democracy. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth is the sovereign and head of State of Canada. Michaëlle Jean as Governor General of the Canada has worked as the representative of the Queen of the United Kingdom in the Canada. As such it has exercised daily and fully the tasks of the head of State, not only to the Canada but also internationally. In accordance with the letters patent, as Governor General, it was also the Commander in Chief of the Canada.
This former Governor of the Canada is neither more nor less direct collaborator of the United Kingdom and therefore official the anglo-saxon bloc. It is within this block that Washington played subtly to counter the France using the need to hostile to the France francophone once he did by appointing highly strategic Canadian positions your that Roméo Dallaire, Maurice Baril, Justice Louise Arbour or even the Prime Minister Raymond Chrétien that him after his term as head of Government was converted into a special envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations during the crisis of the refugees in Eastern Zaire. All these brains Canadian playing Chameleon, displaying their apparent willingness to cooperate with the France while they hide under yankee colors. They are all in the pay of the United States. Their role is to stand up to the France. I sincerely wonder what goes François Holland supporting the candidature of this woman to the OIF to impose it at the head of this organization which is the counterpart to the Commonwealth. What political deal could sign to cross this red line? If the OIF crept up to the top, it will take longer to expect anything from it, already that it has never been effective to prevent conflicts or resolve them when they broke.
I will end my reflection by another raised fact in my book and which is also corroborated by serious researchers. What is it? In the slaughter of the region of the Great Lakes and many other conflicts in the world as in Iraq, the Canada is very entrepreneurial but in a discrete manner via its collaboration discreet with his powerful American neighbor or through the involvement of multinationals Anglo-Saxon very known on which Patrick Mbeko has provided considerable detail in a recent publication. You have to be very naive to admit that a former head of this geopolitical sphere, in this case Michaëlle Jean, can convert from one day to the next friend of Africa and defender of its rights. Open eyes: the Canadian choice between in the scheme of calculations of occupation of land, infiltration of the french turf to weaken it internally, all in one comprehensive plan of occupation and domination of zones of influence up there as control of the hexagon. It is more for American power to make the twisted blows a tale the other but to enter into the Organization of the opponent to better knock him out.
The tragedy is that François Holland on the pretext of respect for the order constitutional lied to African opinion because in reality he worked within the OIF against respect for this order amending backstage rules of such game as stipulated by the statutes of the OIF in the mode of election of the Secretary-General by the General Assembly. Instead of a vote by all thirty heads of State present at the Summit, he preferred to choose by consensus the Canadian in a very closed club of the three heads of State and head of Government and this aside and closed to impose its candidate.
On the other hand, in enrolling in the Canadian scheme, François Holland is lied to himself and has lied to the prestige of the France already very started in this fierce duel that the United States engaged in his country since the end of the cold war. I hope that the mandate of this Canadian will not give reason to Eric Zemmour who took the courage his hands to announce prescient mode french suicide, with a French elite that no longer passes to impose his ideas, his vision of the world and its language on a pame universe. On the contrary, the same elite spits on his grave and stomps her smoking body. This new political class French, with an air falsely affected, observed the France that shoots and writes the final pages of its history. Sad scene of a slow agony!
And for my part I leave me to sincerely wonder what good continue to speak the language of the conquered! What good deal with a partner who both me ing and ING itself in weakening! Like to heaven that the African heads of State duped at the last Summit of the OIF know read and interpret the signs of the times, and can make a last last stand: one to make their peoples Directorate takes the new dynamics in the history of the 21st century before the winner crushes his enemy and friends of his enemy…
GERMAIN SRIRAM MAKITU, Rome
The Greece would need a weak currency to start again. The only solution is a concerted, rational and pragmatic of the euro area.An austerity plan more drastic will only worsen things both for the Greece that fit, that for creditors who lose their claim.
The Parliament European Marine Le Pen takes place on aid contemplated in Greece, which would be the second since a year ago a loan of 110 billion euros it had already been agreed; Today, we, she said, it turns out that this loan will eventually become a donation; In addition, the interest rates that are requested reach 25% per year; these punitive interest rates prohibit any investment in the Greece, which is in the process of is third – reduce.
The Greece would need a weak currency to start again. The only solution is a concerted, rational and pragmatic of the euro area.Unfortunately Navy LEPEN is too confident to ECB and MERKEL or well, it is naive, because it is well known that it wants the ECB and MERKEL wants to, is that the Greece leaving the euro to have a stronger euro,
An austerity plan more drastic will only worsen things both for the Greece that fit, that for creditors who lose their claim.
The rescue of the eurozone is not worth the sacrifice of peoples. and even though it said, she is quite right, this is where we see theMADOFF, ECB, GOLDMAN & SACHS
Raptors, what…!, it is far from being an economist, but it allow itself to open it
What makes me laugh, is that, were these guys like LEMAIRE, and, MÉLENCHON, which have gouttés to the gland to the leftist government, the other to the right, so the 2 as Minister s, and now that they have glandés well, whereas Mélenchon,from 2000 to 2002, as Minister delegate to vocational education and BLemaire Minister of agriculture and del’ power fishing and rural development territory from 2009 to 2012, it is normal, it is 1 year more, he has more caps, Gee P-T-N, several caps, how what is f’ knows (was) to all and now they find the way back on the financial program of MARINE LEPEN, while these 2 there when they were there , they were in fucking out us the head of water, it is to wonder if, instead, they were not about to drown us,.
How can we get out of the debt crisis?
Xavier Timbeau, Director of analysis and forecasting of the OFCE, Wednesday, October 23, 2013
The world | 23.10.2013 at 17 h 53 • updated 24.10.2013 at 10: 35 pm
Xavier Timbeau, an economist at the french Observatory of economic conditions (OFCE), answered questions from readers on the size of the debt in the eurozone, according to Eurostat published figures Wednesday, represented 93.4 per cent of gross domestic product, compared to 92.3% in the first quarter to the second quarter.
Visitor: The only two remedies to this crisis of debt are either a revival by inflation, or a challenging total our social model (too many waste everywhere, too many profiteers of the system, too many different situations, competition imperfect etc.). What solutions do you think we will evolve?
Xavier Timbeau: These are obviously two possible choices, but it is hoped that there are others. Firstly, the dismantling of our social welfare system would have consequences for the cohesion of the society that we do not control. On the other hand, the leak in inflation does not control, and especially does not control themselves.
Can be considered at least two other tracks. One, grim, resembles the path of Japan in the 1990s, namely a low growth, deflation, and higher public debt, little in-depth reforms, but a society which remains United despite everything. In fact, the Japan shows US that we can survive with debts in the long term problems.
The second, which is probably the most desirable, is that Europe can play a role in the crisis, this allows Member States to engage in cleaning up their finances and their system of social protection, without however being obliged to use in a pinch, that kills growth, or the breakdown of social systems.
This Europe-this is a Europe that is capable both to ensure medium-term and, by its Central Bank budgetary discipline, to ensure a monetary policy that helps absorb the debts public and private.
François Turcy: Do you think a gradual devaluation of the euro is possible?
A devaluation of the euro would be a pretty convenient way to regain competitiveness and would be quite logical in the current situation of the euro area current account surpluses. So, Yes, undoubtedly, it would be a positive factor, and the cost in terms of imported inflation or loss of purchasing power would be smaller than the gain expected for exports.
Unfortunately, today, politico-budgetaire chaos in the United States makes the extremely attractive euro and made Europe a zone of relative stability that leads to the appreciation of the euro.
NaNs: What do you think of the policy of the french government to reduce the debt? You seems to be adapted or what a recycling of the methods of the past?
It would be very cruel to accuse the Government to adopt, facing the question of debt, a recycling of the methods of the past. Cruel because what we think, the french government, whether François Fillon or Jean-Marc Ayrault, is committed to a policy of budgetary rigour unprecedented since the second world war.
Conversely, and contrary to the hopes that the arrival of François Holland at the Elysee had raised particularly in southern Europe, the french government has not sufficiently inflected European policy in the direction of full use of the European construction to resolve the problem of debts inherited from the crisis.
In particular, budgetary discipline by the markets, which has been the rule until summer 2012, failed, without that, so far, has been implemented another form of budgetary discipline within the eurozone. Let’s say that’s where what remains to be done.
Arthur: the international monetary Fund (IMF) has suggested that, in countries where public debt is too high, it might bring it back to a normal level by exceptional taxation (one-shot) heritage financial and real estate households. What do you think?
It is an interesting proposal, which might surprise coming from the IMF but in fact found in a number of extreme Liberals, who argue this solution for wiping out once and for all the question of debt.
There are enough different options; for example, that proposed by the Economist Thomas Piketty (that, you recall something, the Légion d’honneur denied), which aims to introduce a tax on capital, recurring and not exceptional.
Both proposals agree on one point: the detention of heritages is today extremely inegalitarian, since, for example, in France, the richest 10 per cent hold 70% of the heritage of the France.
From this point of view, starting from these inequalities, taxation outstanding or recurring capital appears at the bottom as a fair enough to contribute to the reduction of public debt.
That said, it probably cannot be the only way to solve the problem, not to mention the significant difficulties to collect tax on the heritage, which leaks as soon as it relies on tax. If all developed countries did at the same time – and this is also suggested by the IMF-, then the proposal would have more chance of success.
Vik: In light of the growth forecasts for 2014 constantly revised downward, with unemployment rising sharply in countries in difficulty, can we already anticipate a further deterioration of the situation in the short term with consequent social explosion unprecedented?
Indeed, we have just released our forecasts, and the year 2014 will be not a year of recovery. Unemployment will remain high, or even continue to increase in some countries. And the persistence of high unemployment increases well obviously damage it produces, like the risk of social explosion either political tipping. I agree with the observation that is in question: keeping unemployment at a high level, is playing with fire.
Carlo: What full use of European integration would solve the debt crisis? Do you think Eurobonds?
I do not specifically Eurobonds, but I think a remark that was made for a long time for example by Keynes, which is that there are economies developed many people who have a lot of money and who wish to place safely.
For these investors, public debt, when it is associated with the promise never to default, is the support that provides the security. One is sure to find its money as long as there is a State to keep the promise and a Central Bank to make the currency.
The euro area constitutes a very large economic space and many people wish to place their savings in euros in security. If the euro area presents itself as a single borrower, who promises never to default, savers, financial markets, have no other choice than to lend and to lend at an interest rate that will remain low as long as it remains in crisis. It is this ability to use out of the crisis.
Visitor: Why Europe or the States do not front against the financial system by declaring part of the illegitimate debt, a little like the Iceland?
It is an option. It has extremely brutal consequences, because it will prevent any further recourse to debt. The Iceland was in a special situation, where the illegitimacy of debt was quite pertinent. The Irish and French savers who had placed money in Iceland were not covered by the guarantee deposit of their country of origin, but by that of Iceland, leading to what each Icelandic owed under the guarantee of deposits, several hundreds of thousands of euros to Irish or English.
Furthermore, by renouncing to pay this debt, the Iceland has accepted a deep recession, with resulting, inter alia, a fall in the standard of living of more than 20%.
Anais: In history, has been already been more in debt that today ‘ hui? In your opinion, what are the causes of indebtedness in Europe? Is – this serious?
Yes, it has been most indebted in history. England has, for example, a quite considerable debts past; the debts of some countries after the first or the second world war were much higher than the levels observed today.
Debts are important. They are heavy, but they are not today, for a country like France, likely to strangle our economy. And it is conceivable on the horizon of ten or twenty years, to reduce the French public debt to 60% of GDP.
A large part of the increase in debt today is related to the consequences of the crisis and thus one can interpret this public debt as the socialization of private debt which, themselves, have appeared unsustainable.
Carlo: The risk of your solution (use of European construction) is that it increases the debt, it being then issued at European level, and in term of new austerity measures are imposed on States to get Europe out of debt. The cure would be worse than the disease…
Means often, slightly mocking way, that it does not treat a hangover with a whiskey in the morning, but it does not treat a sprain by jogging either. Use in Europe, this is not solving the debt by more than debt, but taking the time that it is necessary to work to reduce the debt.
Visitor: most European policymakers understand absolutely nothing in the products treated in trading rooms, and still less that they have in portfolio (sometimes even the heads of banks). Do you find problematic the fact that there are banks too big too fail, and which are thus not go bankrupt? That is what can prevent the crisis again?
It is actually at the heart of the problem. The extreme difficulty that there is to regulate the banking system, its opacity, its ability to escape taxation, his ability to organize the leak before the highest wealth tax, or simply the complexity of the operations that are carried out, and the misunderstanding of regulators, politicians or even economists.
Then there is a risk that our modern economies are taken hostage by the banks, and a few solutions were on the table, which seem to me to be at least interesting, if this is relevant.
Examples include the separation of investment banks and retail, even if this is not the heart of the problem, the obligation of banks to have « wills » that oblige them to organize the conditions for their potential bankruptcy, exchanges of information on banking operations entered later to combat tax evasion and the finance of the shadow (shadow banking) or even the prohibition of practicesbanking or financial, which is poorly control the systemic consequences.
Give a role more important central banks with more power for the regulation of the financial and banking activities is also an essential track. It is also at the centre of discord between continental Europe and the United Kingdom for the functioning of the European Union. The crisis has opened a window of actions and thoughts on financial and banking issues that should especially not allowed to close.
Visitor: Debt is a weight when it needs to get out of debt (efforts structural to reduce the deficit), but is it really necessary to do so? This debt level to 60% threshold has an economic reality?
The debt must above all appear as sustainable. And its level appears low key. There is no threshold at 60% or 100%. It is an idea that is still, today, very difficult to accept, and on this issue, it is really in the situation that already Keynes described, it is not difficult to impose new ideas, but that the problem is to abandon old ideas.
Antoine Duval: Yesterday, the European Commission has published a study which, on the one hand, confirms the very negative impact of the austerity imposed in the countries affected by the crisis and, on the other hand, shows that a policy of revival in trade (such as Germany) surplus countries could strengthen considerably the European recovery. Is this the beginning of a life-saving turning in the management of the crisis of the euro?
This is an important turning point. It is important because, for the first time, we see the European authorities become aware that current account imbalances are symmetrical. If there is a deficit country, then necessarily there countries in surplus. And the solution to the imbalance goes as much by the reduction of the current account deficit as that of the current account surplus.
A fiscal stimulus or a raise by wages, with for example the introduction of a minimum wage in the country who have current account surpluses, would greatly help deficit countries to export and therefore resolve their crisis.
Eric: Very high real estate prices aren’t a factor in crisis in the sense where they tie up capital that are not invested in companies, for example? What can be done to lower the price?
The high price brokers – I think that it’s especially reference to France, particularly in Paris – a lot of negative consequences. One of them actually being the capital of capital, the other being an intergenerational transfer and the creation of inequality of heritages that have no justification.
To lower the price of real estate, the real solution is to increase the supply of square metres there where it is needed, i.e. where prices are high.
Greg: Is a restructuring of the debt of all the States of the eurozone, such as the Greece, possible futures?
It was learned during the crisis to consider any solution as possible. A few days ago, it thought the possibility of a default by the US Treasury on US public debt. So, whether it is possible, the answer is Yes. That said, it would be a sacred horse cure, because it is necessary to understand the characteristic of economies, today, is to be highly financialized and that each debt is a debt that is held by one who has a portfolio of life insurance, one who has a pension insurance or even having his retirement in a pension fund.
If it restructures debts, it also restructures receivables. And it will be very difficult to separate things between good and bad debt. The taxation of heritage is an instrument much smarter and much more just than the debt restructuring. While driving, in the end, the same result.
2015: what shocks to make Europe move?
The authorThomas PIKETTY Director of studies at the EHESS and Professor at the school of Economics of Paris.
The saddest in the crisis, is the stubbornness of the leaders in place to present their policy as the only possible, and fear them inspires any political Jolt that could affect this happy balance.
The prize for cynicism goes without doubt to Jean-Claude Juncker, who since the LuxLeaks revelations explains quietly flabbergasted Europe that he had other choice, when he was at the head of the Luxembourg than to siphon the neighbors tax base: the industry declined, you see, of finding a new strategy of development for my country; So what could I do anything else than to become one of the worst tax havens of the world? The neighbours, taking them also with de-industrialization in decades, will appreciate.
Today, it is more enough to apologize: it is time to recognize that it is the European institutions themselves who are involved, and that only a democratic Refoundation of Europe would pursue policies of social progress. Specifically, if we really want to avoid recurrence of new LuxLeaks scandals, should emerge from the rule of unanimity in tax matters, and make all the decisions concerning the imposition of large corporations (and the highest income and the wealthiest) ideally under the rule of the majority. And if the Luxembourg and other countries reject, this should not prevent countries wishing to form a hard core advancing along this path, and take sanctions which are necessary against those who continue to want to live of financial opacity.
The prize for amnesia goes as to Germany, with France in second faithful. In 1945, these two countries had a public debt exceeding 200 per cent of GDP. In 1950, she had fallen less than 30%. That has happened, could suddenly cleared the budget surpluses to repay such debt? Obviously not: it is through inflation and outright repudiation that the Germany and the France got rid of their debt in the last century. If they had tried to patiently clear surplus of 1% or 2% of GDP per year, then it would still be there, and it would have been much more difficult for the Governments of the post-war period to invest in growth. Yet are these two countries which explain from 2010-2011 to the countries of southern Europe that their debt must be repaid to the last euro. It’s a selfish short-sighted, because the new budgetary treaty adopted in 2012 under the pressure of the Germany and the France, which organizes the austerity in Europe (with an excessively fast reduction of deficits and a system of automatic sanctions totally inoperative), has led to a widespread recession in the euro zone. Even though the economy is distributed everywhere else in the United States as in the EU countries remained outside the euro zone.
In this Duet, the prize of hypocrisy goes undoubtedly to french leaders, who spend their time to reject all faults on the Germany, while it is clearly a shared responsibility. The new budgetary Treaty, negotiated by the former majority and ratified by the new, could be adopted without the France, which indeed has opted as the Germany of selfishness towards southern Europe: since it pays a very low interest rate, what good share it? Indeed, a single currency can work with 18 public debts and 18 interest rate on which the financial markets are free to speculate. We should invest heavily in training, innovation and green technologies. It is just the opposite: currently, the Italy devotes almost 6% of GDP to pay interest on the debt, and barely invests 1% of GDP in all of its universities.
So, what shocks could allow to move the lines in 2015? Basically, there are three possibilities: a new financial crisis. shock policy coming from the left; Alternatively a shock policy coming from the right. The current European leaders should have the intelligence to recognize that the second option is by far the best: political movements that thrive today to the left of the left, such as Podemos in Spain or Syriza in Greece, are basically internationalists and pro-European. Rather than reject them, should instead work with them to formulate the outlines of a democratic reform of the EU. Otherwise, it is likely to end up with a shock otherwise disturbing, came from the right: in light of the voting system, it is quite possible that the FN constitute regions regional December 2015. Alternatively, because it is time of the vows, expect the impossible. To the point where it is, François Holland would be well-advised to acknowledge mistakes of 2012, to reaching out to southern Europe, in order to finally make bold proposals for our continent.
Thomas PIKETTY Director of studies at the EHESS and Professor at the school of Economics in Paris.
Financial markets celebrate the launch by the ECB to a « programme of quantitative easing » €1,000 billion
By Nick Beams
26 January 2015
The European Central Bank (ECB) is committed to a « quantitative easing programme’ (AQ) of at least one thousand billion euros. She announced on 22 January that it would buy back sovereign debts and other financial assets of EUR 60 billion per month until September 2016, and possibly beyond.
The decision was announced by the president of the ECB, Mario Draghi, after a series of negotiations and maneuvering in recent months aimed at circumventing the German opposition to this plan. Yielding to this opposition, Draghi announced that 19 central banks in Europe would be 80 percent of the purchases and they would bear the responsibility of risks.
The official reason for the decision is that it is necessary to fight against deflationary pressures in the euro area (inflation was negative last month) and to stimulate the economy, which has not yet found its 2007 production levels.
But the measures will have little or no influence on the real economy. They aim to make available, at very low cost, of additional liquidity for financial speculation, while Governments in the region are advancing their so-called ‘structural reforms’ with the aim of aggravating the social position of the working class.
Draghi said that the ECB’s decision was intended to raise the rate of inflation close to 2 percent, while leaving it below. But there is no indication that the QA will actually have this effect, his statement is equivalent to a commitment to maintain monetary expansion indefinitely.
Markets celebrated this announcement because both the extended duration that the monthly volume of bond purchases have exceeded their expectations. Economists had predicted that the monthly injection of money would be 50 billion euros.
European equities continued their rise in recent days, reaching heights that they had not met for seven years. In the United States, the three major stock indexes have increased significantly; the « Dow Jones Industrial Average » is literally soared, rising 259 points.
The value of the euro has declined, which fuels in Europe hope that the sharp drop of the European currency will boost exports.
Laurence Fink, Executive Director of the hedge fund giant BlackRock summed up the mood of the financial speculators who will benefit from these measures to the tune of tens, or even hundreds of billions of dollars. Speaking at the World Economic Forum, the annual gathering of the billionaires of the world in Davos, Switzerland, where this year’s theme is inequality, he said: « we have seen over the last years to be trust Mario. The market should never, as seen currently, the market should not doubt Mario. »
The decision to launch the QA program was not unanimous. The president of the German Central Bank, Jens Weidmann, and the representative of Germany to the Executive Board of the ECB, Sabine Lautenschläger, have expressed their opposition to this decision. The Governors of the central banks of Austrian, Dutch and Estonian would also have reservations.
Weidmann called QA « a mild poison », because this left governments free to debt reduction programs.
Draghi said that the Governing Council of the ECB took these issues « into account and that is why this decision will help to mitigate these concerns. » The key to the Germany and other critical voices concession, is that 80 per cent of purchases will be performed by the national central banks, which will bear the risk.
An article in the Financial Times indicates the magnitude of the opposition. It reads that, while supporting the tip of the lips the independence of the ECB, « German officials were trying to boil with rage in private… on the fact that the Bank had decided to embark on the QA. »
The effect of the concession made by the ECB is to increase national divisions on the policy to follow and to undermine the principle that the ECB is in the interest of the euro area as a whole. Longer term, it reinforces the fear that the whole project of monetary union is not sustainable by nature and that the euro itself could collapse.
The Financial Times quoted without naming him a Eurozone Finance Minister saying that « the problem with purchases by the national banks, it is that it sends the signal that the eurozone is not in the sense of a greater pooling of debt, a necessary thing in the long term to the success of a single currency. »
Earlier this month, while it became more and more evident that concessions would be made to the German position, the Governor of the Bank of Italy, Ignazio Visco, had objected to the abandonment of risk sharing. « We would be well advised to maintain procedures [used] in all our interventions of monetary policy: the risk should be shared across the Eurosystem as a whole, » he said.
While making concessions to the Germany, Draghi also attempted to allay fears that with these measures it introduced divisions between nations. He said that the Board would retain control « all features of the program design and that the ECB would coordinate purchases, thus preserving the unity of the Eurosystem’s monetary policy.» However, his remarks could not hide the divisions existing, more and more visible.
Speaking at the Davos meeting, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has avoided any direct Draghi and the ECB and said criticism that the Germany traditionally supported the decisions of an independent Central Bank. But she said that the austerity campaign promoted by his Government in the euro area should be extended. Responding to criticism that Germany promoted the austerity as such rather than promote growth, Mrs Merkel said need healthy finances and that the debt should be kept at a low level.
According to an article in the Financial Times, the message of Ms Merkel, heard both in his speech and in his answers to the questions that followed, is that with an additional monetary easing, Governments could be tempted of ‘ save time and avoid making structural reforms. » Merkel said that she was not astonished that the ECB’s decision was controversial because it had allowed noncompetitive businesses to survive, at least in the short term.
Divisions and visible national conflicts in the structure of the European QA program are not limited to this region, they manifest themselves in a more general way. One of the consequences of the decision will be to further lower the value of the euro, already at its lowest for 11 years, to parity with the U.S. dollar, thus aggravating the U.S. trade position.
Last week, the central banks of the Denmark, the Turkey, the India, the Peru and the Canada announced a reduction in their interest rates, thereby reducing the value of their currencies.
The Canadian Central Bank, which took the decision surprised to lower its rates on loans to one day by 0.25 percentage points on 21 January (the first such reduction since almost five years) has said that the sharp decline in oil prices had increased the risk of decrease of inflation and financial instability. A decline in interest rates was necessary to return to a full production of the economy, she said.
Because the Australia as the Canada is an exporter of goods, the decision of the Canada has increased pressure on Australian Central Bank to reduce its rates.
In addition to AQ in Europe programmes and the Japan, the effect of these measures is to reduce the value of different currencies and apply pressure upward on the U.S. dollar. This week decision constitutes an escalation in a currency war where each participant tries to unload the effects of deflation on rivals.
European decision to use QA will be at no economic recovery. It will instead step up a world conflict growing between rival economies.
euters/Reuters – former president of the UMP Jean-François Copé has been under investigation for breach of trust in the investigation on the penalties for exceeding election campaign expenses paid by the Party on behalf of Nicolas Sarkozy. /Photo taken on February 3, 2015 / REUTERS/Charles Pathi less
PARIS (Reuters) – Jean-François Copé was put under investigation for breach of trust in the investigation on the penalties for exceeding election campaign expenses paid by the Party on behalf of Nicolas Sarkozy, learned Tuesday judicial source.
The former president of the UMP had been heard in the morning by judges of the investigation to the financial centre of the Paris Prosecutor’s office, said on same source at Reuters.
The former head of the State, which regained the Presidency of the UMP, finally settled late 2014 party these penalties relating to the voiding of his 2012 campaign accounts. He then addressed to the Treasurer of the party a cheque for 363.615 euros.
The regularity of their support by the UMP was notably disputed by his former Minister, François Fillon, and the Paris Prosecutor’s office had opened on 6 October a judicial investigation.
Syrian civil war – Wikipedia
· Controlled by the Syrian Government of BASHAR Al-ASSAD, Syria
· Islamic State DAECH-controlled
· Controlled by the Front al-Dhanub
· Free Syrian army and its allies and the Islamic Front on the basis of a core of majority citizens and deserters from the Sunni community-controlled
· The Kurd -controlled
Faced with the regular army and its auxiliaries (Mukhabarat and militiamen of Hezbollah including), was formed and structure gradually in 2011 a ‘ free Syrian army ‘ (ASL), on the basis of a core of deserters and citizens mostly from the community Sunni36 and, partly, of foreign Islamist fighters funded by Saudi Arabia37 and38 Qatar